lies in north-western England on the Irish Sea and borders Scotland
to the north. It was formed in
1974 from the ancient counties of Cumberland
and Westmorland together with the Furness
area of neighbouring Lancashire.
Towns include Carlisle,
the former county seat of Cumberland and Appleby,
the former county seat of Westmorland.
Scafell Pike, at 978 metres England's
highest mountain, is found in the county as is Lake
Windermere, the country's largest lake.
centuries alternating between Scottish and English rule, the region
finally became part of England in 1157.
|Areas of Outstanding
Coast was designated an AONB in 1964 to protect the English coastline
of the Solway Firth, the UK's third largest estuary. The AONB runs
Marsh on the Scottish border down to Maryport.
The area has a high ecological value for local wildlife and due to
its location near Scotland, has also many sites of historical and
and Silverdale AONB was designated in 1972 covering an area running
down to the shores of Morecambe
Bay and divided between the counties of Cumbria in the north and
Lancashire in the south. The landscape includes valleys and woodlands
and limestone hills which offer views out to the Kent
Estuary and east to the Lake District.
Pennines AONB is the second largest in England and Wales (after
the Cotswolds) and was designated in 1988. The protected area spreads
over the three counties of Northumberland, Cumbria and Durham and
was once the location of intensive lead mining, the decline of which
has left its mark on the local landscape. The area marks the northern
end of the mountain
range which runs down the centre of the country to Derbyshire,
"the backbone of Britain".
Seen as the "father of atomic theory", the chemist John
in 1766 in Eaglesfield, Cumberland. His research led him to describe
colour blindness or "Daltonism" in 1794 and later to his
ground-breaking work in atomic theory.
born in 1770 at Cockermouth,
Cumberland. He lived from 1799-1808 at Dove
Cottage in the village of Grasmere. From 1808-13 he lived at nearby
Bank and from 1813 until his death in 1850 at Rydal
Mount, Ambleside. He was buried at Grasmere. He had succeeded
his friend Robert Southey as Poet
Laureate in 1843 and in 1850 was succeeded by Alfred Tennyson.
Wordsworth's friend and occasional collaborator Samuel
Taylor Coleridge lived
nearby at Keswick, Cumberland.
Friends of Coleridge
I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Wordsworth - I
wandered lonely as a cloud (1815)
I may not hope from outward forms to win
The passion and the life, whose fountains are within.
Coleridge - Dejection: an Ode (1802)
friend and Coleridge's brother-in-law, the fellow poet Robert
Southey, died in Keswick, Cumberland in 1843. He was buried
nearby at Crosthwaite. Southey had been Poet
since succeeding Henry James Pye in 1813 and was himself succeeded
by the scenery of the Lake District they were known as the "lake
Live as long as you may, the first twenty
years are the longest half of your life.
The Doctor (1812)
1943 the children's book author and illustrator Beatrix
Potter died at her farm Hill
by the village of Near Sawrey where she had written many of her books.