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Prime Ministers who were born or died in London during the 19th century

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19th Century
The Prime Ministers
Born in Bedford Row (now 22 Theobalds Road) in 1804, the twice Prime Minister in 1868 and 1874-80 Benjamin Disraeli, died at his home at 19 Curzon Street, Mayfair in 1881. He is buried in the village of Hughenden in Buckinghamshire.

Benjamin Disraeli


Youth is a blunder; Manhood a struggle; Old Age a regret.
Coningsby (1844)

You know who the critics are? The men who have failed in literature and art.
Lothair (1870)



William Petty, the Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister in 1782-83, died at his home Lansdowne House in Berkeley Square, Westminster in 1805.

Earl of Shelburne



William Pitt, the Younger, twice Prime Minister in 1783-1801 and 1804-06, was buried in 1806 in Westminster Abbey. The second son of the former Prime Minister the Earl of Chatham, he was aged only 24 in 1783, the youngest Prime Minister ever.

Pitt the Younger's second administration was faced with the growing Napoleonic threat to Europe and it was Pitt who formed the coalition of countries which defeated the French at the
Battle of Trafalgar. Pitt's glory was shortlived and in the same year the coalition fell apart and Napoleon was victorious at Austerlitz. Pitt died the following year and it was nearly a decade before Napoleon was eventually defeated at Waterloo in 1815.

William Pitt, the Younger
The Battle of Trafalgar
Famous people buried at Westminster Abbey



William Bentinck, the Duke of Portland served as Prime Minister in 1783 and 1807-09. He was buried in 1809 at the parish church in St Marylebone, an area where his family owned land.

Duke of Portland



The Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister from 1894-95, was born at 20 Charles Street, Westminster in 1847.

Earl of Rosebery



Sir Robert Peel, twice Prime Minister in 1834-35 and 1841-46, fell from his horse while riding in London and died from his injuries at his home in Whitehall Gardens in 1850. He had created London's police force whose members were nicknamed "Bobbies" after him. He is buried at Drayton Basset in Staffordshire.

Sir Robert Peel



Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington, Prime Minister from 1828-30 and in 1834, was buried in 1852 in St Paul's Cathedral. Although twice Prime Minister he is best remembered for his military service, especially in 1815 when he led the defeat of the French under Napoleon at the decisive Battle of Waterloo.

Duke of Wellington
Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Waterloo
Walmer Castle
Walmer Castle in 1825 The Battle of Waterloo
Famous people buried at St Paul's Cathedral



George Gordon, the Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister in 1852-55, died at St James's in 1860 and was buried in the vault at St John the Evangelist at Stanmore (then in Middlesex). His administration was responsible for Britain entering the Crimean War in 1854 and due to its mismanagement he was forced to resign in 1855.

Earl of Aberdeen



Prime Minister four times in 1868-74, 1880-85, 1886 and 1892-94, William Ewart Gladstone was buried in 1888 in Westminster Abbey. In 1892 Gladstone he had become the oldest ever Prime Minister when at the age of 83 he formed his fourth government.

William Ewart Gladstone
Famous people buried at Westminster Abbey



Born in Brixton in 1894, Harold Macmillan became Prime Minister from 1957-63.

Harold Macmillan


The wind of change is blowing through this continent, ...

(Speech at Cape Town, South Africa, 1960)

First of all the Georgian silver goes, and then all that nice furniture that used to be in the saloon. Then the Canalettos go.
(Speech on privatization at the Tory Reform Group, 1985)




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