now divided into East and West,
lies in southern England on the English Channel.
Towns include Chichester, the county seat for West Sussex and Lewes,
the county seat for East Sussex.
Includes also the coastal town of Hastings one of the original five
Cinque Ports (the other four being in Kent). Later Rye and Winchelsea
were also granted the same status. From the Norman invasion until
Tudor times these ports were required to supply the monarch with ships
and men in times of a threat of invasion.
The highest point on the south coast is found in the county at Beachy
Head near Eastbourne.
the kingdom of the South Saxons who
had landed at Selsey in 447 but it later became part of Wessex.
The kingdom of Sussex stretched from the kingdom of Kent in the east
to that of the West Saxons (Wessex) in the west, the border to Wessex
lying by the Isle of Wight.
II was killed by an arrow in the eye at the Battle
of Hastings in 1066. A slab in the ruins of Battle
Abbey marks the spot where the last Anglo-Saxon king fell.
|Areas of Outstanding
Designated an AONB in 1964, Chichester
Harbour is one of the few coastal areas which remains undeveloped
in Southern England. Still relatively wild despite its heavy boating
use, the large areas of tidal flats and wetland provide a haven for
wildlife and migrating birds.
The eastern end of the South Downs which reach west into Hampshire,
the Sussex Downs was designated an AONB in 1965. The protected area
included the cliffs of Beachy
and the Seven Sisters in the east and ran parallel to the coast across
the county to the border of Hampshire in the west. This AONB was incorporated
into the new South Downs National Park
which was created in 2009. See National
Spreading across three ancient counties, the major part of the High
Weald is found in Sussex, reaching down to the coast at Hastings.
Designated an AONB in 1983, the area lies between the North and South
Downs and contains one of the largest areas of ancient woodland remaining
today in England. This woodland includes the Ashdown
Blackwell, the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the USA,
died in Hastings in 1910. Born in Bristol in 1821 she emigrated with
her family to America in 1832 but returned to England later in her
Maynard Keynes died in Firle in 1946.
physicist and radio astronomer
Martin Ryle was born in Brighton in 1918. In 1974
he shared the Nobel
Prize for Physics with Antony Hewish for their research
in radio astrophysics.
Born in the village of Laughton in 1694, Henry
Pelham was Prime Minister from 1743-54.
his death in 1754 he was buried in the Pelham family vault in All
Saints church in the village.
In 1754 Pelham was succeeded by his brother the Duke
of Newcastle, who was twice Prime
Minister in 1754-56 and 1757-62. The Duke, born as Thomas Pelham-Holles,
died in 1768 and like his brother was buried in the Pelham family
vault in All Saints
church in the village.
Born in Eastbourne in 1956 Theresa
became Prime Minister in
2016 taking over from David Cameron
who resigned after the EU referendum. She became only the second woman
in history (after Margaret Thatcher) to hold the position. She resigned
Prime Minister from 1957-63, died in 1986 at his home Birch Grove
House at Chelwood Gate. He is buried nearby at St
Giles in the village of Horsted Keynes.
Let us be frank about it: most of our people
have never had it so good.
(Speech at Bedford, 1957)
There are three bodies no sensible man directly challenges: the Roman
Catholic Church, the Brigade of Guards and the National Union of Mineworkers.
(The Observer, 1981)
Prime Minister from 1976-79, died on his farm at Ringmer near Lewes
in 2005. At the age of 92 he was the longest-living Prime Minister
in British history. Before becoming Prime Minister Callaghan had held
all three of the principal offices of government; Chancellor of the
Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary. The defeat of his
Labour Party in 1979 by Margaret Thatcher's Conservatives heralded
18 years of Conservative rule until Labour won the 1997 election under
Consorts and Heirs
House of Lancaster
Joan of Navarre,
the second wife of Henry IV who had died in 1413, was accused
of witchcraft and imprisoned in Pevensey
Castle between 1418-22 .
Rudyard Kipling see Nobel
Shelley was born at Field Place near Horsham in 1792.
Titles are tinsel, power a corrupter, glory a bubble, and excessive
wealth a libel on its possessor.
Declaration of Rights (1812)
Tyranny entrenches itself within the existing interests of the most
refined citizens of a nation and says "If you dare trample upon
these, be free."
A Philosophical View of Reform (1819-20)
I dreamed that, as I wandered by the way,
Bare Winter suddenly was changed to Spring,
And gentle odours led my steps astray,
Mixed with a sound of water's murmuring
Along a shelving bank of turf, which lay
Under a copse, and hardly dared to fling
Its green arms round the bosom of the stream,
But kissed it and then fled, as thou mightst in dream.
The Question (1822)
American-born author Henry James lived
House in Rye from 1898 until his death in 1916.
The black and merciless things that are behind
the great possessions.
The Ivory Tower (1917)
Arthur Conan Doyle, the Scottish creator of Sherlock
Homes, died at his home Windlesham in Crowborough in 1930. He
was buried in the garden of Windlesham where his second wife was buried
next to him on her death in 1940. When the house was sold in 1955
their remains were moved to the churchyard at Minstead in Hampshire,
near where they had owned a house in the New Forest.
Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle Literary Estate
Sherlock Homes Society
How often have I said to you that when you
have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable,
must be the truth?
The Sign of Four (1890)
Woolf drowned herself in the river Ouse near her home Monk's
House at Rodmell
in 1941. Her ashes are buried in the garden.
Virginia Woolf Society of Great Britain
Literature is strewn with the wreckage of
men who have minded beyond reason the opinion of others.
A Room of One's Own (1929)
Things have dropped from me. I have outlived
certain desires; I have lost friends, some by death - Percival - others
by the sheer inability to cross the street.
The Waves (1931)
creator of Winnie the Pooh - the children's author A.A.
Milne - died at his home at Cotchford Farm in the village of
In 1969 the Rolling Stone Brian Jones
drowned in the swimming pool of Cotchford Farm having purchased the
farmhouse the previous year.
The more he looked inside the more Piglet
The House at Pooh Corner (1928)
of Under the Volcano, Malcolm Lowry
died in the village of Ripe in 1957. He is also buried there.
Sackville-West was buried in 1962 at Withyam.