part of the kingdom of Northumbria
which itself had been formed from the smaller kingdoms of Bernicia
and Deira. Deira reached from the Humber
in the south to the river Tees in the north. North of the Tees reaching
as far as the Forth of Firth lay the kingdom of Bernicia of which
Bamburgh was the capital.
The scholar and historian St
Bede (known later as the Venerable Bede)
was born at Monkton in 673. After studying at the monastery at Monkwearmouth
(now in Sunderland), he was moved while still young back to a new
monastery in Jarrow. Here he would later be ordained as a priest and
spend the rest of his life studying and teaching. In 731 he completed
his most famous work Ecclesiastical History of the English People,
a key work for understanding early English history. He died in 735
and after originally being buried at Jarrow his bones were moved in
the 11th century to Durham
Barrett Browning was born as Elizabeth Barrett at Coxhoe
Hall in 1806. In 1845 she married the poet Robert Browning and the
following year they emigrated to Italy.
The devil's most devilish when respectable.
Aurora Leigh (1857)