Born at Blenheim
Palace in 1874,
twice Prime Minister in 1940-45 and 1951-55 was
buried at nearby Bladon in 1965. Churchill took over from Neville
Chamberlain in 1940 as the first Prime Minister since the Duke
of Wellington to have experienced combat themselves.
Although his leadership was seen as a major factor in the Allied
victory in World
War Two, he lost
the election held in 1945. Undaunted he remained in politics
and at the age of 77 became Prime Minister for a second time.
In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Literature for his historical and biographical
Churchill lost the 1945 election
Second World War
they go on in strange paradox, decided only to be undecided,
resolved to be irresolute, adamant for drift, solid for fluidity,
all-powerful to be impotent.
(Speech at the House of Commons, 1936)
I cannot forecast to you the
action of Russia. It is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside
(Radio broadcast, 1939)
Pakastani theoretical physicist Abdus
Salam died in Oxford in 1996. In 1979 he had shared the
Prize for Physics with the Americans Sheldon Glashow and
Physiology or Medicine
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin was born in Banbury in 1914. In
1963 he shared the Nobel
Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Andrew Huxley and
the Australian John Eccles for their research into nerve membranes.
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Howard Florey died in Oxford in 1968. He had emigrated
to England where in 1945 he had shared the Nobel
Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the Scottish scientist
Alexander Fleming and the German-born Ernst Boris Chain for
their work on the discovery and production of penicillin.
Hans Krebs died in 1981 in Oxford. He had emigrated
to England in 1934 and later became a British citizen. In 1953
he had shared the Nobel
Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the German Fritz Lipmann
for his discovery of the citric acid cycle.
Dutch-born ethologist Nikolaas
Tinbergen died in 1988 in Oxford. He had emigrated to England
and become a British citizen. In 1973 he shared the Nobel
Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the Austrian zoologists
Karl von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz.
His brother Jan Tinbergen had won the Nobel Prize for Economics
Winston Churchill see Nobel
Prime Minister in 1770-82, was buried in 1792 at All Saints in the
village of Wroxton. His administration saw the Declaration of Independence
by the North American colonies and their loss in the resulting American
War of Independence.
American War of Independence
Prime Minister from 1908-16, died in 1928 at Sutton Courtenay and
is buried at All Saints in the village
where in 1950 George Orwell was also buried. His Liberal administration
introduced old-age pensions for the first time but in 1916, two years
into World War One, he was replaced by David Lloyd George.
shortest serving Prime Minister, Elizabeth
was born in Oxford in 1975. After winning the Conservative Party leadership
election to succeed Boris Johnson she became Prime Minister on 6th
September 2022. She was forced to resign only 45 days later on October
25th and was succeeded by Rishi Sunak.
Consorts and Heirs
House of Plantagenet
the Count of Poitiers and eldest son and heir to the throne
of Henry II, died in 1156 at the age of two at Wallingford
Castle (then in Berkshire). It would be his younger brothers
Richard (the Lionheart) and John (Lackland) who would become
king (in 1189 and 1199 respectively) on their father's death.
William was buried at Reading Abbey in Berkshire.
the Black Prince, the eldest son
and heir to the throne of Edward III, was born at Woodstock
in 1330. He was so named due to the black armour he wore at
the many battles he fought including that of Poitiers when the
French king John II was captured. He never became king as he
died in 1376 a year before his father and so in 1377 his son
Richard II acceded to the throne in his place. The Black Prince
is buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent.
the Black Prince
birthplace of Winston Churchill, Blenheim
Palace was designated a World
Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1987. The building stands in a
park designed by "Capability" Brown and was built on the
site of the Old Woodstock Palace.
1606 the poet William D'Avenant was
born in Oxford. He succeeded Ben Jonson in 1638 as the second unofficial
He held the post until his death in 1668 when he was succeeded in
the now official post by John Dryden.
poet laureate, Thomas Warton, died
in Oxford in 1790. He had been appointed Poet
in 1785, succeeding William Whitehead. He was succeeded by Henry James
Pye. He is buried in Trinity College Chapel at Oxford University where
he had studied, been elected a fellow and had also held the post of
Professor of Poetry.
crime writer Dorothy
L. Sayers was born in Oxford in 1893. One of the first women to
graduate from Oxford University in 1915 she went on to write many
detective stories featuring Lord Peter Wimsey.
Dorothy L. Sayers Society
A society in which consumption has to be
artificially stimulated in order to keep production going is a society
founded on trash and waste, and such a society is a house built upon
Creed or Chaos? (1947)
died in Oxford in 1930. He had been Poet
since succeeding Alfred Austin in 1913 and was succeeded by John Masefield.
Scottish author of The Thirty-Nine Steps John
Buchan, was buried at Elsfield in 1940.
John Buchan Society
author of 1984 and Animal Farm George
Orwell, was buried All Saints in
Sutton Courtenay in 1950 in the same churchyard where the Prime Minister
Herbert Henry Asquith had also been buried in 1928.
Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak
is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime
literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express
Lewis, author of The Chronicles of Narnia, died at The
Kilns - his Oxford home - on 22nd November 1963, the same day
as the American President John F. Kennedy and the author Aldous Huxley.
Lewis had lived at the house for the last 33 years of his life, written
many of his books there, and kept the house as an Oxford base after
he moved to Cambridge University in 1954. Lewis is buried at the nearby
cemetery at Headington Quarry.
C.S. Lewis: Personal experience isn't
Joy Gresham: I disagree. I think personal
experience is everything.
Lewis: So reading is a waste of time?
Gresham: No, it's not a waste of time,
but reading is safe, isn't it? Books aren't about to hurt you.
Lewis: Why should one want to be hurt?
Gresham: That's when we learn.
From the film Shadowlands (1993)
Nicholson (Based on his play about Lewis's relationship with the
American poet Joy Gresham)
We read to know we're not alone.
The pain now,
is part of the happiness then.
That's the deal.
I've always found this a trying time
of the year...
The leaves not yet out.
Mud everywhere you go.
Frosty mornings gone.
Sunny mornings not yet come.
Give me blizzards and frozen pipes, but not this..., nothing time.
Not this..., waiting-room of the world.
Lewis's one-time close friend and the author of The Lord of the
Rings and The Hobbit J.R.R.
Tolkien, was buried in the Roman Catholic cemetery in Oxford in
1973. From 1939 Tolkien and Lewis used to meet regularly with other
writers at, among others, the Eagle and Child public house. Known
as the Inklings they would discuss literature and read out their works-in-progress.
In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. Not a nasty, wet hole,
filled with ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare,
sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a hobbit-hole,
and that means comfort.
The Hobbit - Opening lines of novel (1937)
Christie, creator of Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple, died in Wallingford
in 1976. She is buried at Cholsey.
War settles nothing... to win a war is as
disastrous as to lose one!
An Autobiography (1977)