stage and film actor Trevor Howard
was born in Cliftonville in 1916. Brief Encounter in 1945,
The Third Man in 1949 and Sons and Lovers in 1960 were
among his film successes.
became an independent kingdom, but
was later to become part of Wessex.
The kingdom of Kent reached north to the river Thames, across which
lay the kingdom of the East Saxons (Essex) and south and west to the
kingdom of the South Saxons (Sussex).
In 449, after the Romans
had withdrawn, the Saxons
at Pegwell Bay and settled in the county.
1564 William Adams was born in Gillingham.
In 1600, after the Dutch ship he was piloting became stranded off
Japan, he became the first Englishman to serve under a Japanese ruler.
His story is the basis for James Clavell's novel "Shogun".
Native American Princess Pocahontas
died of smallpox in a ship anchored off Gravesend in 1617. She is
buried in the town.
The Quaker prison reformer Elizabeth
Fry died in Ramsgate in 1845.
III, the French Emperor in exile and nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte,
died in Chislehurst in 1873 where he had resided since 1871.
He was buried in Farnborough in Hampshire.
House of Normandy
The last of the Norman monarchs, King Stephen
died in 1154 in Dover
and was buried at Faversham Abbey.
He had ruled since 1135 when a controversial succession had
meant him ascending the throne instead of Henry
only surviving legitimate child, his daughter Matilda.
A long but ultimately inconclusive civil war followed between
the cousins which only ended when it was agreed that on Stephen's
death the succession would revert to Matilda's line and therefore
her son Henry. This happened when he was crowned Henry II.
Prime Minister in 1940-45 and 1951-55,
lived from 1924 until his death in 1965 at Chartwell
near Westerham. Churchill took over from Neville Chamberlain
in 1940 as the first Prime Minister since the Duke of Wellington
to have experienced combat themselves.
Although his leadership was seen as a major factor in the Allied
victory in World
War Two, he lost
the election held in 1945. Undaunted he remained in politics
and at the age of 77 became Prime Minister for a second time.
In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel
Prize for Literature
for his historical and biographical writings.
Churchill lost the 1945 election
Second World War
Dictators ride to and fro upon
tigers which they dare not dismount. And the tigers are getting
one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed,
it has been said that democracy is the worst form of Government
except all those other forms that have been tried from time
(Speech at the House of Commons, 1947)
Winston Churchill see Nobel
Born in Hayes in 1759 William
Pitt, the Younger was twice Prime
Minister in 1783-1801 and 1804-06.
He was the second son of the former Prime Minister the Earl of Chatham,
and in 1783 was aged only 24, the youngest Prime Minister ever.
Pitt the Younger's second administration was faced with the growing
Napoleonic threat to Europe and it was Pitt who formed the coalition
of countries which defeated the French at the Battle
Pitt's glory was short-lived and in the same year the coalition fell
apart and Napoleon was victorious at Austerlitz. Pitt died the following
year and it was nearly a decade before Napoleon was eventually defeated
at Waterloo in 1815.
Pitt, the Younger
Battle of Trafalgar
Pitt's father the Earl
of Chatham (also known as William
Pitt, the Elder)
was Prime Minister from 1766-68. In 1778 he collapsed during a speech
at the House of Lords and died a few weeks later at his home Hayes
Place in Hayes.
He is buried in Westminster
people buried at Westminster Abbey
Unlimited power is apt to corrupt the minds
of those who possess it.
(Speech at the House of Lords, 1770)
Wellesley, the Duke
Prime Minister from 1828-30 and 1834, died at Walmer
Castle in Walmer in 1852. He
is buried in St
Although twice Prime Minister he is best remembered for his military
service, especially in 1815 when he led the defeat of the French under
Napoleon at the decisive
Battle of Waterloo.
people buried at St Paul's Cathedral
in 1916 in St Peter's near Broadstairs,
was Prime Minister from 1970-74, the first Conservative leader not
to come from a rich and privileged background. It was his government
which took Britain into the then European Economic Community in 1973.
After losing two elections in 1974, he lost the leadership the following
year to Margaret Thatcher, whose tenure as leader heralded a different
Conservative Party to the one Heath had led.
Heath, who became a fierce critic of his successor, remained an MP
finally standing down a quarter of a century later in 2001, more than
fifty years after first entering the House of Commons.
The unpleasant and unacceptable face of capitalism.
(Speech at the House of Commons, 1973)
Consorts and Heirs
House of Normandy
Matilda of Boulogne was
buried at Faversham Abbey
in 1152. Married in 1125, she had been Queen to King Stephen
since 1135 when he became the last Norman monarch to rule England.
In 1154 he was buried alongside her.
House of Plantagenet
Isabella of Gloucester,
the first wife of King
died in 1217, possibly being buried at Canterbury
Cathedral. She had married John in 1189 but he divorced
her in the same year he became king in 1199.
the Black Prince, the eldest son
and heir to the throne of Edward III, was buried at Canterbury
Cathedral in 1376. He was so named due to the black armour
he wore at the many battles he fought including that of Poitiers
when the French King John II was captured. He never acceded
to the throne as he died a year before his father and so it
was his son Richard II who became king in 1377.
the Black Prince
House of Lancaster
Joan of Navarre
was buried alongside her husband Henry IV in Canterbury
Cathedral in 1437. She became his second wife in 1403 and
was queen until his death in 1413. They had no children.
House of Tudor
birthplace of Henry VIII's second wife Anne
Boleyn is not recorded and the year of her birth ranges
from 1501 through to 1507. If she was born in 1501 then she
may have been born at Blickling Hall in Norfolk
where her family were living at the time. But if she was born
in 1507 then it's more likely that she was born at Hever
Castle where her family then resided and where she would
spend her childhood.
Anne became Queen in 1533, giving birth to the future Elizabeth
the same year. Unable to provide Henry with a male heir she
was accused of adultery and imprisoned in 1536 in the Tower
of London. Soon afterwards she was beheaded on Tower Green
is buried in the chapel there.
people imprisoned at the Tower of London
Castle has also a connection to another of Henry VIII's
wives. In 1540 his fourth wife - Anne
of Cleves - became the owner of the castle when she
received it as part of her divorce settlement.
Marlowe was born in George Street in Canterbury in 1564, the same
year as William Shakespeare. Marlowe, seen as the playwright's most
important predecessor, led a controversial and often violent life
and his death reflected this when in 1593 he was killed in a brawl
at a tavern in Deptford (now in London), reputedly in an argument
over the bill. He was buried in the town.
I'll have them fly to India for gold,
Ransack the ocean for orient pearl.
Doctor Faustus (1604)
Come live with me, and be my love,
And we will all the pleasures prove,
That valleys, groves, hills and fields,
Woods or steepy mountain yields.
Passionate Shepherd to his Love
Behn was born as Aphra Johnson in 1640 in Wye. She is regarded
as the first ever English language woman writer to earn a living from
was born at Walmer in 1844. He became Poet
on the death of Alfred Austin in 1913. On his death in 1930 he was
succeeded by John Masefield.
author of The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine
Wells, was born in Bromley in 1866.
Moral indignation is jealousy with a halo.
The Wife of Sir Isaac Harman (1914)
Victorian author Charles
Dickens, died at Gad's Hill near Chatham in 1870. He is buried
people buried at Westminster Abbey
"It's always best on these occasions
to do what the mob do."
"But suppose there are two mobs?" suggested Mr Snodgrass.
"Shout with the largest," replied Mr Pickwick.
Pickwick Papers (1837)
Any man may be in good spirits and good temper
when he's well dressed. There an't much credit in that.
Martin Chuzzzlewit (1844)
poet and painter Dante
Gabriel Rossetti died in 1882 at Birchington where he was
also buried. He was the brother of the poet Christina Rossetti.
I have been here before,
But when or how I cannot tell:
I know the grass beyond the door,
The sweet keen smell,
The sighing sound, the lights around the shore.
Sudden Light (1870)
Sassoon was born in 1886 at Weirleigh, the family home on the
outskirts of Brenchley. He became one of the famous First
World War poets whose experiences in the trenches of France drove
them to write of the futility of war.
First World War
writer Vita Sackville-West was born
in 1892. From 1930 until her death in 1962 she lived at Sissinghurst
Castle. She was buried at Withyam in Sussex.
poet Alfred Austin died at Ashford
in 1913 and was succeeded as Poet
by Robert Bridges. He had himself succeeded Alfred Tennyson in 1896.
Conrad, author of Heart of Darkness, died in Canterbury
in 1924 and is buried at the Roman Catholic cemetery. He had been
born in Berdichev - then Poland now in the Ukraine - a part of the
Russian Empire in 1857.
The conquest of the earth, which mostly means
the taking it away from those who have a different complexion or slightly
flatter noses than ourselves, is not a pretty thing when you look
Heart of Darkness (1902)
The terrorist and the policeman both come from the same basket.
The Secret Agent (1907)
journalist and thriller writer Ian
Fleming died in Canterbury in 1964. Starting with Casino Royale
(published 1953) he wrote 12 novels and 2 short story collections
featuring the British spy James Bond. All of the books were made into
highly successful films, starting with Dr No in 1962.
He is buried at Sevenhampton in Wiltshire.