Hertfordshire lies in south-central England and borders the north
of London. In
1965 part of the county was incorporated into the new Greater London.
Towns include the county seat of Hertford; the first "garden
city" of Letchworth; and the first "new town" of Stevenage.
of cinema's greatest directors, the American Stanley
Kubrick, died at his home Childwickbury
Manor near the village of Harpenden in 1999. In his career he
made comparatively few films but many are considered classics, including
Paths of Glory, Spartacus and 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Kubrick had lived in England since the early 1960s and at Childwickbury
since 1979. He is buried on the estate.
The great nations have always acted like gangsters,
and the small nations like prostitutes.
(The Guardian, 1963)
Breakspear was born in Abbots Langley
in 1100. He was the only Englishman ever to become Pope when he was
elected as Adrian IV
in 1154. He died in office in 1159 at Anagni near Rome.
Neville, the Earl
of Warwick, known due to his power and influence as "the
Kingmaker" was killed during the Battle
of Barnet in 1471. Neville exploited his vast inherited
wealth and land to hold the balance of power between the warring Houses
of Lancaster and York during the Wars
of the Roses. He often changed sides and was influential enough
to enable both the Yorkist Edward IV and the Lancastrian Henry VI
become king. It was Edward IV's army that defeated Neville at Barnet
and after Neville's death Edward was reinstated to the throne he had
lost only the previous year.
Cromwell, son of Oliver Cromwell, died in Cheshunt in 1712.
In 1658 he had succeeded his father as Lord Protector but his rule
was short and he was forced to abdicate less than a year later. After
the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 he went into exile living
in France and Switzerland before finally returning to England in 1680,
where he lived until his death under another name.
Irish-born winner of the Nobel
Prize for Literature in 1925 George
Bernard Shaw died in 1950 at his home Shaw's
in Ayot St Lawrence where he had lived
since 1906. His ashes were scattered in the garden.
Martyrdom... the only way in which a
man can become famous without ability.
The Devil's Disciple (1901)
A government which robs Peter to pay
Paul can always depend on the support of Paul.
Everybody's Political What's What? (1944)
Newspapers are unable, seemingly,
to discriminate between a bicycle accident and the collapse
Consorts and Heirs
House of Plantagenet
Isabella of France,
the former queen of Edward II, died in 1358 and her death has
been given as either in the county at Hertford
Castle where she may have lived for
the last year of her life or at Castle Rising Castle in Norfolk
where she had been imprisoned by her son Edward III since 1330.
She was buried at Greyfriar's church at Newgate in London.
George Bernard Shaw see Nobel
Cowper was born in Great Berkhamstead in 1731.
No voice divine the storm allayed
No light propitious shone;
When snatched from all effectual aid,
We perished, each alone:
But I beneath a rougher sea,
And whelmed in deeper gulfs than he.
The Castaway (1799)
Greene was born as Henry Graham Greene in 1904 at Berkhamsted.
He died in 1991 in Vevey in Switzerland.
There is always one moment in childhood when
the door opens and lets the future in.
The Power and the Glory (1940)
(father of the actor Daniel Day-Lewis) died in Hadley Wood in 1972.
He had been Poet
since 1968 when he succeeded John Masefield who had died the year
before. He was in turn succeeded by Sir John Betjeman. He is buried
at Stinsford in Dorset.