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Monarchs from the House of Stuart who were born, married or died in London

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House of Stuart
The House of Stuart
In 1630 Charles II was born at St James's Palace. He became King of England and Scotland in 1660 after eleven years of a republican Commonwealth which had been installed after the English Civil War and the execution of his father Charles I. He ruled until his death in 1685 at Whitehall Palace when he was succeeded by his brother James II. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Charles II
Charles II
Westminster Abbey
Monarchs buried at Westminster Abbey




James II was born at St James's Palace in 1633 and was kept there as a prisoner after his capture at the Battle of Edgehill in 1642. He escaped and fled to the continent eventually returning to succeed his brother Charles II in 1685. His short reign lasted only until the Glorious Revolution of 1688 when the Protestant William of Orange forced him into exile in France where he spent the rest of his life.

James II
The Glorious Revolution



It was in front of the part of Whitehall Palace known as the Banqueting House that Charles I was executed in 1649 after losing the English Civil War. He had ruled since 1625 and his death brought the Stuart rule to a temporary end (in 1660 his son Charles II would be restored to the throne). He was buried in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.

Charles I
Charles I The execution of Charles I
Monarchs buried at Windsor




James II's eldest daughter Mary II was born at St James's Palace in 1662 and died of smallpox at Kensington Palace in 1694. She was buried in Westminster Abbey. She had ruled jointly with her husband and cousin William of Orange since the Glorious Revolution of 1689.

Mary II
The Glorious Revolution
Westminster Abbey Kensington Palace
Monarchs buried at Westminster Abbey




Mary II married her cousin William of Orange at St James's Palace in 1677.

William III
Mary II



William III died at Kensington Palace after a riding accident at Hampton Court Palace in 1702. He had been born in The Hague, in the Netherlands in 1650. He ruled with his wife from the Glorious Revolution of 1689 until her death in 1694 and then alone until 1702. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

William III
The Glorious Revolution

Westminster Abbey Kensington Palace
Monarchs buried at Westminster Abbey




James II's youngest daughter Queen Anne was born at St James's Palace in 1665 where in 1683 she married George of Denmark. She ruled from 1702 until her death in 1714 at Kensington Palace, bringing the Stuart rule of England to a close. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Queen Anne
Westminster Abbey Kensington Palace
Monarchs buried at Westminster Abbey




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